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英语干货:代孕该怎么用英语翻译?代孕妈妈的英语又该怎么表达? 作者:你说的都对 2021-01-19 18:47:25 浏览:1517

代孕在中国被明令禁止,这是违法的行为,希望大家都能够明知这一点,今天小编就不讨论最近比较火的话题了,直接来给各位想要学英语的人科普一些英语干货,关于代孕的话题,小编今天来给大家说说代孕该怎么用英语翻译?代孕妈妈的英语又该怎么表达?


原译

When it was first started, surrogacy usually involved the surrogate’s own egg so she was the biological mother of the child (traditional surrogacy). This has obvious issues, mainly as sometimes the surrogate did not want to give up her child. But using IVF procedures, gestational surrogacy involves the commissioning women’s own egg or an egg donor, so the surrogate has no genetic relationship to the child.

代孕刚开始的时候,通常涉及代孕者自己的卵子,所以她是孩子的生母(传统代孕)。这有明显的问题,主要是因为有时代孕妈妈不想放弃她的孩子。但使用体外受精,妊娠代孕使用委托女性自己的卵子或卵子捐赠者,所以代孕者与孩子没有遗传关系。


代孕英语怎么说


But issues can happen such as when the commissioning couple divorce or one of them dies during the pregnancy. Another issue is when the fetus is found to be carrying a genetic abnormality, which might be discovered during the pregnancy or at delivery. In some situations, the commissioning couple decide they do not want to take an ‘abnormal’ child. In 2014 an Australia couple refused to take one of their twins which had Down’s syndrome – only taking the ‘normal’ child.

但问题可能会发生,比如委托夫妻离婚或其中一人在怀孕期间死亡。另一个问题是当胎儿被发现携带基因异常时,这可能在怀孕或分娩时被发现。在某些情况下,委托夫妇决定他们不想要一个“不正常的”孩子。2014年,一对澳大利亚夫妇拒绝收养他们双胞胎中的一个患有唐氏综合症的孩子,他们只收养了一个“正常”的孩子。



There have been several reports about rich couples who commission more than one surrogate at a time, including the Japanese billionaire who has been reported to have 16 surrogate children.

有几则报道称,有钱的夫妇同时委托不止一位代孕母亲,包括一位日本亿万富翁,据报道他有16个代孕孩子。


Any pregnancy carries risks and maternal mortality is an issue globally. There have been reports where the surrogate has died.

任何怀孕都有风险,孕产妇死亡率是一个全球性问题。有报道称代孕母亲已经死亡。


Surrogacy is legal in the USA, where surrogates earn about £30-50,000. In India surrogates are paid about $5000, which in India is about 10 years wages. Whether commercial surrogacy is legal or not in a particular country, surrogates may be paid more ‘under the table’.

代孕在美国是合法的,代孕人的收入约为3 -5万英镑。在印度,代孕人工资约为5000美元,大约相当于10年的工资。无论商业代孕在某个国家是否合法,代孕者可能会得到更多的“私下”报酬。


And a growing number of celebrities have turned to surrogacy. Male gay couples need egg donation and surrogacy if they want to have children. But what about celebrity females who have already had a child naturally but turn to surrogacy for future pregnancies.

越来越多的名人求助于代孕。男同性恋夫妇如果想要孩子,就需要卵子捐赠和代孕。但是,那些已经自然生育了孩子的女明星们又会如何呢?


Many countries have shown leadership by either banning or restricting the practice. The European Parliament says surrogacy “undermines the human dignity of the woman since her body and its reproductive functions are used as a commodity” and gestational surrogacy “involves reproductive exploitation and use of the human body for financial or other gain,” especially the bodies “of vulnerable women in developing countries.”

许多国家已经通过禁止或限制这种做法显示出了领导力。欧洲议会说,代孕“破坏了妇女作为人的尊严,因为她的身体及其生殖功能被用作商品”,妊娠代孕“涉及生殖剥削和利用人体来获得经济或其他利益”,特别是“发展中国家脆弱妇女的身体”。


How far should people go to have a child? Is all surrogacy exploitation? Are poor women being used to carry rich women’s children? Are we selling babies? Should it be banned?

为了生孩子,人们应该走多远?所有的代孕都是剥削吗?穷女人被用来帮有钱女人怀孩子吗?我们是在卖婴儿吗?它应该被禁止吗?


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代孕妈妈英语怎么说


一、代孕该怎么用英语翻译?

surrogacy   代孕

the process of giving birth as a surrogate mother or of arranging such a birth


the action or state of being a surrogate.


例句:She will use the money from her surrogacy to send at least one of her own children to university. 

她将用做代孕母亲的钱供至少一个孩子上大学。


surrogate意思是替换,或者与代孕有关的


a substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a specific role or office.


relating to the birth of a child or children by means of surrogacy.


例句:It was as if the public and Congress felt the national peril instinctively and created a surrogate center.

 好象公众和国会都本能地感受到国家的生死存亡,因而设立起一个代理中心。


二、代孕妈妈的英语又该怎么表达?

surrogate mother指代孕母亲

A surrogate mother is someone who carries a pregnancy for a couple or individual wanting to have a child. 


例句:These could then be fertilised by his partner's sperm and placed into the womb of a surrogate mother. 


这些卵子可以由他的伴侣的精子受精,然后由代孕妈妈来培育。

相关词语:


gestational surrogacy 妊娠代孕技术

human assisted reproductive technology 人类辅助生殖技术

sexual selection 性别选择

in vitro fertilization 体外受精,人工受精

artificial insemination with donor sperm 供精人工授精

sperm bank 精子库

embryo 胚胎


科普知识:


卫生部在2001年发布《人类辅助生殖技术管理办法》,明确禁止实施gestationalsurrogacy(妊娠代孕技术),也就是说,surrogacy(代孕)在我国不合法,医疗机构和医生不能实施代孕技术。


广东省卫生厅决定,暂停广东省human assisted reproductive technology(人类辅助生殖技术)服务机构的审批,同时对已经取得行政许可开展人类辅助生殖技术服务的38所医疗机构进行一次专项检查。


重点检查医疗机构是否开展买卖gamet(配子)、zygot(合子)、embryo(胚胎);是否违规实施代孕技术;是否使用不具有《人类sperm bank(精子库)批准证书》机构提供的精子;是否擅自进行sexual selection(性别选择)等违规行为,一经查实,严格按照有关法律法规严肃处理。


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代孕该怎么用英语翻译?代孕妈妈的英语又该怎么表达?以上就是小编今天的分享,大家在吃瓜的时候也千万别忘了要去学英语哦,积累多一些英语词汇量,说不定对自己日后的英语表达也是有很大的帮助,最后也提个问题:大家对代孕的行为是怎么看?

标签: 英语干货知识

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